What is Bariatric surgery ?
Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, is a type of procedure performed on people who are obese, for the purpose of losing weight.Obesity means having too much body fat (adipose tissue).
Today there are various surgical & non surgical procedures designed to help treat severe obesity.
Weight loss Surgery Benefits :
The most obvious benefit is weight loss it does depend on the type of procedure but generally, you could be looking at up to 80% weight loss. This varies from one person to another but is an average figure. Weight loss means reduced body fat levels which equates to a slimmer, more natural looking you.
Another factor linked to this is that these co-morbidities are life-threatening. In some cases you could be looking at losing seven years off your life. By undergoing this type of surgery you will reduce any long term health risks and ensure that you have a normal life expectancy.
Other physical benefits include increased energy, better mobility and overall, your general health will have improved.
Cost of Bariatric Surgery :
The cost of bariatric weight loss surgery is usually at least $25,000. The cost of surgery includes the following fees:
* Hospital fees
* Surgeon fees
* Anesthesia fees
* Lab and X-ray fees
* Miscellaneous fees
How it is achieved
Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery weight loss is usually achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with an implanted medical device (gastric banding) or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery).
Why it is becoming popular?
Many people with excessive weight problems are turning to obesity surgery or weight loss surgery. It is fast becoming a popular option when other weight loss methods, such as diet, exercise and supplementation has failed. Failure of these methods means that a person is unable to maintain a healthy weight and in many cases, the weight is regained. And, excessive weight, if not dealt with can lead to long term health problems such as cancer, heart disease or strokes.
Surgeries Recommended by the US National Institutes of Health :
Laparoscopic Gastric Banding Surgery
This procedure involves placing an inflatable silicon band into the patient’s stomach. The band is fastened around the upper stomach to create a new, tiny stomach pouch that limits and controls the amount of food eaten. It also creates a small outlet that slows the emptying process into the stomach and the intestines.
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy is a procedure where a narrow tube of the stomach, approximately the same diameter as the esophagus and duodenum is fashioned by dividing it vertically. The part of the stomach along the medial (lesser) curvature, which is in continuity with the food pipe (esophagus), is retained as the tube and the part outside the tube, which is the greater curvature of the stomach and the fundus, is removed.
Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric bypass surgery also known as Gastric Bypass Roux-en-Y basically reduces the capacity of the stomach by creating a small stomach pouch. The small space holds only one ounce of fluid. The procedure also constructs a tiny stomach outlet, which slows the speed by which food leaves your stomach. So you will feel full after eating a small amount and you will stay satisfied for a long time.
Bariatric surgery is an option that should be given careful consideration. The ASBS warns that patients should be mentally prepared and acceptable of associated risks. The step from there should be to find an experienced surgeon with a practice largely devoted to bariatric surgery and the post-operative care of patients.