What is Vitamin B1 | Vitamin B1 Overview | Benefits of Vitamin B1 | Foods That Contain Vitamin B1 | Vitamin B1 Deficiency | All Vitamins & Minerals articles
Vitamin B1, also called thiamin, is a water-soluble vitamin. The active form is a phosphorylate of thiamin called thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP). TPP functions in carbohydrate metabolism to help convert pyruvate to acetyl CoA for entry to the Krebs cycle and subsequent steps to generate ATP. Thiamin also functions in maintaining the nervous system, memory, and heart muscle health. A deficiency of thiamine causes a condition known as beriberi. In the U.S., thiamine deficiency is most commonly seen in alcoholics, although it can occur in the presence of several diseases and in a pregnancy accompanied by severe vomiting. The major symptoms of beriberi or Vitamin B1 deficiency involve the nervous system causing sensory disturbances, muscle weakness, and impaired memory; and the heart causing shortness of breath, palpitations, and, eventually, heart failure. Wernicke’s syndrome is a serious complication of alcoholism and thiamine deficiency that may manifest as impaired muscle coordination, impaired ability to move the eyes, and marked confusion. It may lead to Korsakoff’s psychosis, a chronic disorder in which memory and learning are impaired. A significant trend emerged in our thiamine research. A number of studies show the development of thiamine deficiency as a result of hospitalizations and especially in those on parenteral nutrition without the introduction of vitamins and minerals that are required by the body on a daily basis. Thiamine deficiency also results from overuse of alcohol, nutritional deficiencies and excessive vomiting and often goes unrecognized until the symptoms are dramatic and by that time may be irreversible.
Where is it found?
Wheat germ, whole wheat, peas, beans, enriched flour, fish, peanuts, and meat are all good sources of vitamin B1.
How Much Vitamin B1 Is Enough?
Women should have 1.1 milligrams every day, and men should have 1.5 milligrams every day.
If you want to get the most vitamins possible from your food, refrigerate fresh produce and keep milk and grains away from strong light. Vitamins are easily destroyed and washed out during food preparation and storage. If you take vitamin supplements, store them at room temperature in a dry place that’s free of moisture.
benefits of vitamin B1 :
1. Act as anti-oxidant, helping to protect us from the effects of aging, smoking and alcohol consumption.
2. Assist in the production of hydrochloric acids, which is vital for proper digestion.
3. Studies have shown that vitamin B1 supplements may be useful for preventing and slowing the Alzheimer’s disease.
4. It’s crucial for the memory and concentration.
5. Apart from Alzheimer, thiamin is also prescribe to treat nervous disorders disease like multiple sclerosis, Bell’s palsy and neuritis.
6. It’s important for the workings of enzymes that makes energy available to the body. Thus, one of the first symtomps of lack of thiamin is tiredness.
7. Helps to combat airsickness and seasickness
8. Helps the bodies production of red blood cells
9. Acts as an antioxidant, protecting the body from free radical damage